Under the terms blind we mean partial or complete lack of recognition of light. These visual impairments can occur in different ways. Damage can occur from birth, as well as the effects of some eye or other illness (trauma, falls, headache, loss of consciousness, various infections, toxins, brain injuries, etc.)
What are the biggest problems faced by blind and visually impaired people?
Starting from education, which should be available to everyone according to their abilities. Of course, there are schools for children with disabilities, but what if a child wants to learn something else somewhere else?
There are also psychosocial barriers that very negatively affect young people and their maturation. Often, people with disabilities are also attributed by negative attitudes of the environment as a result of ignorance and lack of information. We all met with ignorance, pity, intolerance, social distance from these people, at school, at work, on the street, at home.
People have a pitying attitude, fear, discomfort when they find themselves in the company of people who have this type of medical disability. Simply, they do not know how to behave, and this again affects mostly the psyche and self-confidence of people with disabilities. It follows that such people retreat into themselves, into their homes, develop low self-esteem, and avoid contact with people.
Architectural technical barriers
Billboards, improperly parked cars, gardeners and pillars set on the middle path for pedestrians, parks, sidewalks and the like. Of course, there are also owners of various shops and cafes that often place advertising material as well as cooling devices precisely on places that are designed for free movement of pedestrians. There are also very frequent physical hurdles in urban transport, homes, apartments, streets, and roads that prevent access to buildings or services, which can greatly complicate everyday life for people with any kind of disability, especially with the one that we talk about.
The biggest problem is the lack of tactile paths that help blind and visually impaired people to take the streets safely or know when they encounter a pedestrian crossing. Like sound / visual traffic lights. Also, the big problem is the lack of parking spaces or people who park on the wrong one although it is clearly marked that this is a place for people with disabilities, and besides that, we can complain about inappropriate signs for people with visual impairment or hearing.
Communication and information
This is another major problem faced by blind and visually impaired people because most of the daily information is needed in printed form, or mostly not in the form of audio recordings. There are special notebook computers for blind and visually impaired people who have Braille keyboard and who can broadcast sound. We also have the advantage of smartphone technology that has both a keyboard and a sound that makes it easier to get information. But information is not closely enough available to them and that needs to change – fast.